Report presents the article "Stalin & Karabakh – discrediting false allegations of Armenia" by Mariya Khan-Khoyskaya Martignoli:
“I know that after my death a pile of rubbish will be heaped on my grave,
but the wind of History will sooner or later sweep it away without mercy”
I came across this famous quotation of one of the most controversial figures in the turbulent history of the 20th century – Joseph Stalin a couple of weeks ago and thought to myself: how true indeed! Comrade Stalin – damned by some, praised by others – did and said many things and undoubtedly foresaw how much impact his deeds and words would have on future generations. Today in 2020, 67 years after his death, blazing disputes are still being held, many media and even government authorities allow themselves to frivolously and falsely interpret what Stalin did and didn’t back then, in the dawn of the Soviet era. And like a scarlet thread runs through these discussions, articles and resolutions the same mythical message – Armenia is fighting for “their” land of Karabakh that Stalin “gifted” to Azerbaijan, land that had “never belonged” to Azerbaijan before.
Today, thanks to the modern era when the internet is literally flooded by the data, it is our duty to check and cross-check the information in order to distinguish between the tissues of lies and obstinate facts, to sort the wheat from the chaff so to say. As an Azerbaijani native, living and working in Geneva, Switzerland, who loves and knows the history of my home country and the neighboring regions, I grew tired of this utter nonsense and would like to show you even humble skills and resources of an ordinary person are more than enough to oppose this huge tumbleweed of chaos, blatant lies and bald denials supported by the Armenian authorities with regards to the story of the Karabakh conflict.
After the fateful treaties of Gulestan (1813) and Turkmentchai (1828) that marked the end of the two Russo-Persian wars of the XIX century and the acquisition of the northern Azerbaijan khanates, including the powerful Karabakh khanate, by the Russian Empire, Azerbaijan was part of the 90-year Russian domination, before it could declare its independence and establish the first parliamentary republic in the Muslim East and among Turkic people – the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, ADR (1918-1920). The founders of the ADR struggled to strengthen not only the economic and social life of the new country, but also address the political security and acknowledgement of its independence by other world powers. Thus, during the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the ADR delegation presented the map of the Republic (Carte de la République de l’Azerbaïdjan, dressée d’après les Documents Officiels par J. Forest, Géographe, Paris) and naturally, and one can clearly see the Karabakh within its territories as it always has been.
However, under the pressure from the Armenian dashnaks and of course the Soviet Bolsheviks who were at this moment actively sovietizing the Caucasus, the ADR finally fell. The Caucasian Regional Committee and its famous Caucasian bureau that had been created to for the purposes of establishing the Soviet power in the Caucasus, were using Karabakh as a target of their intricate political games, with Stalin as the first People’s Commissary on the Nationalities playing one of the leading roles in them.
In his introductory speech at Munich Security Conference in February 2020 the Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan mentioned the following:
“…Caucasian bureau decided to Karabakh to be a part of .. Armenia... And after that decision according to the personal initiative of Joseph Stalin, this decision was changed in the Moscow… and Karabakh was put into Azerbaijan only in the process of forming Soviet Union”
Here Mr Pashinyan talks about two meetings of the Caucasian bureau – the first one, held on 4 July 1921 decided to add (Russian « включить») Karabakh into Armenia. However, following the contesting statement of Nariman Narimanov, the final decision that was taken by the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks on 5 July 1921, which read: to leave (Russian «оставить») Karabakh within the borders of the Azerbaijani SSR.
Two key phrases: include into Armenia vs leave within Azerbaijan:
- If Karabakh already belonged to Armenia, why was the verb “add into” used? The territory of Karabakh was not an independent entity - if its territory was to be added to someone, then it had to be taken from someone, right?
- The phrase “leave within the borders of Azerbaijan” implies that this territory was already part of Azerbaijan, doesn’t it?
Therefore, as you can see, Stalin didn’t “give” anything to Azerbaijan. You may read more about this matter in various official sources and archives. Dozens of works devoted to this subject were published and are still being published by historians and scientists all over the world. A thoughtful reader can easily trace the lies and separate the true facts from the fake ones. The question here is not in his/her ability but rather in his/her willingness to do so.
Those of you who still decide to believe these false Armenian allegations are, naturally, free to do so. Everyone is free to believe (or not) whatever he/she chooses, as long as it does not bring harm to the others. In the Karabakh question, unfortunately, the respect of such simple principle turned out to be an utter failure. Close to 1 million refugees and forcedly displaced people, the brutal Khojaly genocide of 1992, 4 UN Security Council (822,853,874,884) and 3 UN General Assembly (48/114, 60/285, 32/243) Resolutions affirm the respect of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, demand the “immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian forces from the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan” - all this is so senselessly swept away by the Armenian authorities who claim their right to Karabakh by basing themselves, among other reasons, on the myth of Stalin.
Seems to me that Stalin was right about the rubbish on his grave – as he was right about the wind of History.